Advanced Search Abstract The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether changing children's beliefs about the controllability of obesity would reduce their negative attitudes toward fat people. The participants were 74 children from Grades 4—6, 42 in the experimental group and 32 in the control group. The experimental group were presented with a brief intervention which focussed on the uncontrollability of weight.
Questionnaires measuring negative stereotyping and controllability beliefs about weight and height were completed by 96 children from Grades 4 to 6. Likewise, children uniformly believed obesity to be largely under volitional control.
The degree of controllability assigned to obesity was positively correlated with the extent of negative stereotyping.
It was concluded that con- trol beliefs may provide a vehicle for changing the strong negative attitudes displayed toward fat people. Obesity is a highly stigmatized condition in Western countries.
Fat people experience both prejudice in the form of negative attitudes and discrimination in terms of unequal behavioral treatment.
Contributing to this stigmatization is negative stereotyping, whereby obese people are consistently characterized as lazy, unattractive, unhappy, unpopular, and sloppy e.
Children also endorse a similar dislike of obesity. Flinders University of South Australia, G. BoxAdelaideAustralia. Copyright 0 by V.
Furthermore, like adults, children stereotype obese figures in a negative manner across a range of attributes. This high degree of negativity toward fat children contrasts with that for other physical attributes e. The first aim of the present study is to investigate the extent of negative ste- reotyping of obesity in children and to explicitly compare it with height, a com- parison not conducted before in the literature.
The second aim of the study is to investigate the reasons why children nega- tively stereotype their obese peers. In contrast to other stigmatized conditions, such as race e.
Thus, theoretical frameworks that have been successfully used to understand the stereotyping of race and gender e. Crandall proffers an explanation of negative stereotyping and preju- dice specific to obesity. Negative attitudes toward obesity occur when there is a cultural preference for thinness and a belief or attribution that fat is volitionally controlled.
There is overwhelming evidence for the former; that is, for a shared thin ideal, especially for women e. The view that obesity is controllable therefore distinguishes it from other physical attributes, such as race, gender, and height, which cannot be controlled by the individual.
For obesity, then, attribution theory sug- gests that fat people are characterized negatively because their obesity is per- ceived to be controllable.
More recently, Tiggemann and Rothblum have shown that women with an internal weight locus of con- trol stereotype fat women more negatively than do those who believe weight to be determined by factors such as luck and fate.
Similarly, Crandall and Crandall and Martinez found that dislike of fat people was sig- nificantly correlated with willpower beliefs in American university students. However, little research has addressed whether attributions have any role in the negative attitudes or stereotypes of obesity held by children.
In addition, Sigelman and Begley, but not Sigelman, found that global evaluations of the child tended to be more positive when responsibility for the problem was low. Age was categorized into three levels: All of the participants in the study were volunteers. However, children were required to obtain permission from their parents before participating.
Overall, 10 children returned slips stating that the parents did not want their children involved in the study. Measures A questionnaire was administered during class time. The instructions and questions were read aloud and explained.
There were two versions: The questionnaire consisted of three sections, labeled AB, and C, and took approximately 30 min to complete.Race and Ethnicity in Childhood Obesity Abstract Many early life risk factors for childhood obesity are more prevalent among blacks and Hispanics than among whites and may explain the higher prevalence of obesity among racial/ethnic minority children.
5 Sex/Gender, Race/Ethnicity, and Health In the search for a better understanding of genetic and environmental interactions as determinants of health, certain fundamental aspects of human identity pose both a challenge and an opportunity for clarification. Stereotyping can happen in numerous ways; one very cruel way of stereotyping would be stereotyping a person for being overweight.
People often stereotype others because of beliefs they have learned from their parents or on their own. Obesity . By race/ethnicity, the same obesity and education pattern was seen among non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic women, and also among non-Hispanic white men, although the differences were not all statistically significant.
Stereotyping patients according to their age, race, weight, socioeconomic status, gender or other factors can have negative impacts on their health, according to new research.
In particular. Stereotyping is very common among us; every individual is said to fit some sort of stereotype.
People tend to judge all the time and even if we hate to admit it or not every single one of us has done it. We categorize people everyday according to race, religion, ethnic background, gender, looks etc. Often [ ].