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While both were great and powerful, Han and Roman similarities and differences in valued class, occupation, and government can be found in their attitudes toward technology. Agriculturists and craftsman were one of the largest classes in the Han Empire.
Because of this, innovation was simple and intended to benefit the lives of the working class. Huan Tan, a Han philosopher, wrote about the invention of the pestle and mortar and its evolution with the addition of animals and water power, and Huan Guan, a Han government official, speaks of the processes of iron foundry work and salt making.
Later, in AD, Tu Shih, a Han governor invented a water-powered engine that forged iron agricultural implements for the Han people. Pestle and mortar, iron tools, and salt to season crops were technologies the Han valued, because they were used for the most popular occupations in the empire: The Han did not only invest in the technology small tools provided.
We can infer from a report by a Han government official regarding flood prevention that the Han Dynasty also enjoyed waterways that went through several, if not all, districts of the Han Empire. Nationalism is a sense of complete loyalty to a nation, and the belief that it is greater than all others.
Another Roman innovation was the implementation of waterways. The intention was to send a message. Any traveler, trekking through Rome would know the might and ingenuity of Rome by their impressive roads and waterways. Even this shows Roman pride.
One does not travel through Rome, one travels to it. While advocating large projects, Rome believed that small innovations, like those in Han China, were not to be invested in.
Simple tools that benefitted the individual were widely used, but not looked upon as special technology.
Roman attitude toward technology was characterized by an affinity for large scale innovations to show off their power rather than simpler innovations, which they avoided.
Initially, Han citizens were able to make their own tools and participate in other technologies like salt making and metal foundry work. Eventually, these technologies were taken over by the Han government, which caused a decrease in innovation and quality.
In previous times, the tools manufactured by workers for their own use were of excellent quality.
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|Get Full Essay||During the early part of the civilization, the Hans and Romans discovered and engineered some of the most interesting and helpful advancement that have changed and improved the way of living of human beings. For the inventions pioneered by the Hans, the focus ranged from simple machines to complex engineering.|
|Han and Roman Attitudes Toward Technology Essay Sample||However, the Romans did not do as much of this and did not care as much about the technology and how it could be utilized. This was shown in documents|
|The last king was a tyrant. This led to a rebellion which overthrew him and did away with the monarchy.|
Now that the state has monopolized the salt and iron trades, most of the tools provided to the workers are hard and brittle and the responsible government officials are often not available to take complaints.
However, the reason why state involvement worked for Rome and not Han China is because of incentive. When the Roman government undertook a project, laborers were paid and therefore had incentive to do well.
However, the Han government received labor from convicts, who had no incentive to do well, as they would continue to be punished for their crimes no matter how exceptional their work was.
However, it seems that later in AD, Han governor Tu Shih invented a water-powered blowing-engine to cast iron tools. Summary The Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire were both very powerful nations with very different attitudes toward technology.
Where Han technology focused on the individual, Rome technology focused on the state. Despite the differences that can be found through their technology, their similarities in state involvement can be found there as well.
When analyzing a civilization, technologies and innovations can reveal the spirit of the nation.
Such is the case with the Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire.Two of the most powerful empires of the ancient world were the Han, in China, and the Romans, in Italy.
While both were great and powerful, Han and Roman similarities and differences in valued class, occupation, and government can be found in their attitudes toward technology. Han and Roman Attitudes Toward Technology Technology is an important aspect in all civilizations, and depending on the point of view looked at the opinions vary greatly.
Especially when comparing opinions of lower class and upper class people, or gender. Intro. Two of the most powerful empires of the ancient world were the Han, in China, and the Romans, in Italy. While both were great and powerful, Han and Roman similarities and differences in valued class, occupation, and government can be found in their attitudes toward technology.
Han and Roman Attitudes Toward Technology Essay Sample. Throughout the history Han Dynasty of China and the Roman Empire were the two enormous political unities, both developing their technology . Attitudes Towards Technology in the Han and Roman Empires DBQ 2 Technology is always changing.
New ideas are being introduced, and innovations to current technologies are always taking place. Some may see changes in technology as a vital and helpful thing, while others may oppose.
to the third century C. E. the Han and Roman attitudes toward technology were different in how they took pride in some of their inventions with the Han accepting the role of the craftsmen and their technology they created showed in documents