Elizabeth Heath Berlin Conference of — Meeting at which the major European powers negotiated and formalized claims to territory in Africa; also called the Berlin West Africa Conference. The Berlin Conference of — marked the climax of the European competition for territory in Africa, a process commonly known as the Scramble for Africa. During the s and early s European nations such as Great Britain, France, and Germany began looking to Africa for natural resources for their growing industrial sectors as well as a potential market for the goods these factories produced. As a result, these governments sought to safeguard their commercial interests in Africa and began sending scouts to the continent to secure treaties from indigenous peoples or their supposed representatives.
It divided up European ownership of territories on the continent and set up regulations for claiming territories that led to increased aggression in colonization.
The policies established at the Berlin Conference continue to have a negative impact on Africa today. Expert Answers pohnpei Certified Educator The main way in which the Berlin Conference of affected Africa was by chopping it up into areas that would be colonized by various European countries.
This had long-lasting effects on the continent. Before the Berlin Conference, most of Africa was still in the hands of Africans. Europeans had only colonized coastal areas. However, this was changing. At the conference, the European countries divided up essentially all of Africa.
They decided which European countries The main way in which the Berlin Conference of affected Africa was by chopping it up into areas that would be colonized by various European countries. They decided which European countries would get to own which parts of Africa.
This doomed the African continent to decades of colonization by European powers. Colonization harmed Africa in two major ways. First, colonial governments and economies were set up to help the Europeans, not the Africans. The Europeans ran the colonial economies in ways that made money for the Europeans but did not enrich Africans and did not even train them to someday know how to do good jobs.
The colonial governments did not allow Africans to participate. They did not really educate Africans. This meant that when independence came, there were very few Africans with the education or the experience needed to set up their own modern governments. These things helped make many African countries poor and chaotic after independence.
Secondly, the European governments simply divided Africa up however they wanted. They did not take into account the human geography of Africa.
They divided up people of one ethnic group into different countries. They made countries that had multiple ethnic groups, many of whom did not get along. When these countries became independent, they ended up having ethnic conflicts, further weakening them.
The main effect of the Berlin Conference, then, was to colonize Africa, leading to many of the problems that the continent endures today.Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang gestures as he holds a joint news conference with German Chancellor Angela Merkel (not pictured) at the chancellery in Berlin, Germany, July 9, The Partition of Africa began in earnest with the Berlin Conference of , and was the cause of most of Africa’s borders today.
This conference was called by German Chancellor Bismarck to settle how European countries would claim colonial land in Africa and to avoid a war among European nations over African territory. Mar 29, · Origins of war. These are wars of many names. For the British they were the Boer Wars, for the Boers, the Wars of Independence.
Many Afrikaaners today refer to . INTRODUCTION. The Congress of Berlin was not the start of the "Scramble for Africa," but it laid down the rules that governed the European conquest of Africa for the next fifteen years. History African history is a massive and intricate subject, world-shaking events have shaped the continent’s history, from the early men and women who left their footsteps in volcanic ash to the liberation of Nelson Mandela, and a whole lot of wars, conquests, civilisations and revolutions in between.
"The Berlin Conference was Africa's undoing in more ways than one. The colonial powers superimposed their domains on the African continent. By the time independence returned to Africa in , the realm had acquired a legacy of political fragmentation that could neither be eliminated nor made to.